Benutzer-Werkzeuge

Webseiten-Werkzeuge


tachtler:postfix_spamassassin_installieren

Postfix SpamAssassin

Apache SpamAssassin ist ein e-Mail Filter-Programm welches verschiedene Techniken zur Identifizierung von SPAM e-Mails zum Einsatz bringt. Z.B. werden Header- (Kopf-) und Text-Analysen, Bayesian-Filtering, DNS-Block-Listen, und gemeinschaftliche Filter- Datenbanken eingesetzt.

Ab hier werden root-Rechte zur Ausführung der nachfolgenden Befehle benötigt. Um root zu werden geben Sie bitte folgenden Befehl ein:

$ su -
Password: 

Postfix SpamAssassin installieren

Die Installation von Apache SpamAssassin kann unter CentOS einfach über den yum-Paketmanager erfolgen, da Apache SpamAssassin teil der CentOS-Distribution der yum-Paket-Bibliothek base ist. Der dazu nötige Befehl lautet:

# yum install spamassassin
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, priorities
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
2 packages excluded due to repository priority protections
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package spamassassin.x86_64 0:3.3.1-2.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Archive::Tar) >= 1.23 for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(NetAddr::IP) >= 4.000 for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(IO::Zlib) >= 1.04 for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(HTML::Parser) >= 3.43 for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl-HTML-Parser >= 3.43 for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Net::DNS) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Encode::Detect) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: procmail for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Mail::DKIM) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(LWP::UserAgent) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: portreserve for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(ExtUtils::MakeMaker) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(IO::Socket::SSL) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Archive::Tar) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Time::HiRes) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(HTTP::Date) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(IO::Socket::INET6) for package: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package perl-Archive-Tar.x86_64 0:1.58-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Package::Constants) for package: perl-Archive-Tar-1.58-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Compress::Zlib) for package: perl-Archive-Tar-1.58-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
---> Package perl-Encode-Detect.x86_64 0:1.01-2.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker.x86_64 0:6.55-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Test::Harness) for package: perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl-devel for package: perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
---> Package perl-HTML-Parser.x86_64 0:3.64-2.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(HTML::Tagset) >= 3.03 for package: perl-HTML-Parser-3.64-2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(HTML::Tagset) for package: perl-HTML-Parser-3.64-2.el6.x86_64
---> Package perl-IO-Socket-INET6.noarch 0:2.56-4.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Socket6) for package: perl-IO-Socket-INET6-2.56-4.el6.noarch
---> Package perl-IO-Socket-SSL.noarch 0:1.31-2.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Net::SSLeay) >= 1.21 for package: perl-IO-Socket-SSL-1.31-2.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Net::LibIDN) for package: perl-IO-Socket-SSL-1.31-2.el6.noarch
---> Package perl-IO-Zlib.x86_64 1:1.09-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-Mail-DKIM.noarch 0:0.37-2.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Mail::Address) for package: perl-Mail-DKIM-0.37-2.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA) for package: perl-Mail-DKIM-0.37-2.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Digest::SHA) for package: perl-Mail-DKIM-0.37-2.el6.noarch
---> Package perl-Net-DNS.x86_64 0:0.65-4.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Digest::HMAC_MD5) for package: perl-Net-DNS-0.65-4.el6.x86_64
---> Package perl-NetAddr-IP.x86_64 0:4.027-7.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Test-Mock-LWP.noarch 0:0.05-1.el6.rf will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Test::MockObject) for package: perl-Test-Mock-LWP-0.05-1.el6.rf.noarch
---> Package perl-Time-HiRes.x86_64 4:1.9721-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-libwww-perl.noarch 0:5.833-2.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: mailcap for package: perl-libwww-perl-5.833-2.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(URI::URL) for package: perl-libwww-perl-5.833-2.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(URI::Heuristic) for package: perl-libwww-perl-5.833-2.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(URI) for package: perl-libwww-perl-5.833-2.el6.noarch
---> Package portreserve.x86_64 0:0.0.4-4.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package procmail.x86_64 0:3.22-25.1.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mailcap.noarch 0:2.1.31-2.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Compress-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.020-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Compress::Raw::Zlib) >= 2.020 for package: perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(IO::Uncompress::Gunzip) >= 2.020 for package: perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(IO::Compress::Gzip) >= 2.020 for package: perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(IO::Compress::Base::Common) >= 2.020 for package: perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(IO::Compress::Gzip::Constants) >= 2.020 for package: perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
---> Package perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-RSA.x86_64 0:0.25-10.1.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Crypt::OpenSSL::Bignum) for package: perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-RSA-0.25-10.1.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Crypt::OpenSSL::Random) for package: perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-RSA-0.25-10.1.el6.x86_64
---> Package perl-Digest-HMAC.noarch 0:1.01-22.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Digest::SHA1) for package: perl-Digest-HMAC-1.01-22.el6.noarch
---> Package perl-Digest-SHA.x86_64 1:5.47-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-HTML-Tagset.noarch 0:3.20-4.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-MailTools.noarch 0:2.04-4.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Date::Format) for package: perl-MailTools-2.04-4.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Date::Parse) for package: perl-MailTools-2.04-4.el6.noarch
---> Package perl-Net-LibIDN.x86_64 0:0.12-3.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Net-SSLeay.x86_64 0:1.35-9.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Package-Constants.x86_64 1:0.02-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-Socket6.x86_64 0:0.23-3.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Test-Harness.x86_64 0:3.17-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-Test-MockObject.noarch 0:1.09-3.1.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(UNIVERSAL::isa) for package: perl-Test-MockObject-1.09-3.1.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(UNIVERSAL::can) for package: perl-Test-MockObject-1.09-3.1.el6.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Test::Builder) for package: perl-Test-MockObject-1.09-3.1.el6.noarch
---> Package perl-URI.noarch 0:1.40-2.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-devel.x86_64 4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(ExtUtils::ParseXS) for package: 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.023-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Bignum.x86_64 0:0.04-8.1.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Random.x86_64 0:0.04-9.1.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Digest-SHA1.x86_64 0:2.12-2.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS.x86_64 1:2.2003.0-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-IO-Compress-Base.x86_64 0:2.020-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-IO-Compress-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.020-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-Test-Simple.x86_64 0:0.92-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
---> Package perl-TimeDate.noarch 1:1.16-11.1.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-UNIVERSAL-can.noarch 0:1.15-1.el6 will be installed
---> Package perl-UNIVERSAL-isa.noarch 0:1.03-1.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package                     Arch     Version                  Repository  Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 spamassassin                x86_64   3.3.1-2.el6              base       1.1 M
Installing for dependencies:
 mailcap                     noarch   2.1.31-2.el6             base        27 k
 perl-Archive-Tar            x86_64   1.58-119.el6_1.1         base        70 k
 perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib      x86_64   2.023-119.el6_1.1        base        67 k
 perl-Compress-Zlib          x86_64   2.020-119.el6_1.1        base        43 k
 perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Bignum   x86_64   0.04-8.1.el6             base        34 k
 perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-RSA      x86_64   0.25-10.1.el6            base        37 k
 perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Random   x86_64   0.04-9.1.el6             base        22 k
 perl-Digest-HMAC            noarch   1.01-22.el6              base        22 k
 perl-Digest-SHA             x86_64   1:5.47-119.el6_1.1       base        61 k
 perl-Digest-SHA1            x86_64   2.12-2.el6               base        49 k
 perl-Encode-Detect          x86_64   1.01-2.el6               base        80 k
 perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker     x86_64   6.55-119.el6_1.1         base       290 k
 perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS       x86_64   1:2.2003.0-119.el6_1.1   base        42 k
 perl-HTML-Parser            x86_64   3.64-2.el6               base       109 k
 perl-HTML-Tagset            noarch   3.20-4.el6               base        17 k
 perl-IO-Compress-Base       x86_64   2.020-119.el6_1.1        base        66 k
 perl-IO-Compress-Zlib       x86_64   2.020-119.el6_1.1        base       133 k
 perl-IO-Socket-INET6        noarch   2.56-4.el6               base        17 k
 perl-IO-Socket-SSL          noarch   1.31-2.el6               base        69 k
 perl-IO-Zlib                x86_64   1:1.09-119.el6_1.1       base        30 k
 perl-Mail-DKIM              noarch   0.37-2.el6               base       121 k
 perl-MailTools              noarch   2.04-4.el6               base       101 k
 perl-Net-DNS                x86_64   0.65-4.el6               base       232 k
 perl-Net-LibIDN             x86_64   0.12-3.el6               base        35 k
 perl-Net-SSLeay             x86_64   1.35-9.el6               base       173 k
 perl-NetAddr-IP             x86_64   4.027-7.el6              base        96 k
 perl-Package-Constants      x86_64   1:0.02-119.el6_1.1       base        24 k
 perl-Socket6                x86_64   0.23-3.el6               base        23 k
 perl-Test-Harness           x86_64   3.17-119.el6_1.1         base       229 k
 perl-Test-Mock-LWP          noarch   0.05-1.el6.rf            rpmforge    18 k
 perl-Test-MockObject        noarch   1.09-3.1.el6             base        31 k
 perl-Test-Simple            x86_64   0.92-119.el6_1.1         base       110 k
 perl-Time-HiRes             x86_64   4:1.9721-119.el6_1.1     base        46 k
 perl-TimeDate               noarch   1:1.16-11.1.el6          base        34 k
 perl-UNIVERSAL-can          noarch   1.15-1.el6               base        12 k
 perl-UNIVERSAL-isa          noarch   1.03-1.el6               base        11 k
 perl-URI                    noarch   1.40-2.el6               base       117 k
 perl-devel                  x86_64   4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1     base       420 k
 perl-libwww-perl            noarch   5.833-2.el6              base       387 k
 portreserve                 x86_64   0.0.4-4.el6_1.1          base        22 k
 procmail                    x86_64   3.22-25.1.el6            base       163 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install      42 Package(s)

Total download size: 4.7 M
Installed size: 11 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/42): mailcap-2.1.31-2.el6.noarch.rpm                  |  27 kB     00:00     
(2/42): perl-Archive-Tar-1.58-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm     |  70 kB     00:00     
(3/42): perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.023-119.el6_1.1.x86_64. |  67 kB     00:00     
(4/42): perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm  |  43 kB     00:00     
(5/42): perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Bignum-0.04-8.1.el6.x86_64.rp |  34 kB     00:00     
(6/42): perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-RSA-0.25-10.1.el6.x86_64.rpm  |  37 kB     00:00     
(7/42): perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Random-0.04-9.1.el6.x86_64.rp |  22 kB     00:00     
(8/42): perl-Digest-HMAC-1.01-22.el6.noarch.rpm          |  22 kB     00:00     
(9/42): perl-Digest-SHA-5.47-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm      |  61 kB     00:00     
(10/42): perl-Digest-SHA1-2.12-2.el6.x86_64.rpm          |  49 kB     00:00     
(11/42): perl-Encode-Detect-1.01-2.el6.x86_64.rpm        |  80 kB     00:00     
(12/42): perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-119.el6_1.1.x86_64 | 290 kB     00:00     
(13/42): perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-119.el6_1.1.x86_ |  42 kB     00:00     
(14/42): perl-HTML-Parser-3.64-2.el6.x86_64.rpm          | 109 kB     00:00     
(15/42): perl-HTML-Tagset-3.20-4.el6.noarch.rpm          |  17 kB     00:00     
(16/42): perl-IO-Compress-Base-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64. |  66 kB     00:00     
(17/42): perl-IO-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64. | 133 kB     00:00     
(18/42): perl-IO-Socket-INET6-2.56-4.el6.noarch.rpm      |  17 kB     00:00     
(19/42): perl-IO-Socket-SSL-1.31-2.el6.noarch.rpm        |  69 kB     00:00     
(20/42): perl-IO-Zlib-1.09-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm        |  30 kB     00:00     
(21/42): perl-Mail-DKIM-0.37-2.el6.noarch.rpm            | 121 kB     00:00     
(22/42): perl-MailTools-2.04-4.el6.noarch.rpm            | 101 kB     00:00     
(23/42): perl-Net-DNS-0.65-4.el6.x86_64.rpm              | 232 kB     00:00     
(24/42): perl-Net-LibIDN-0.12-3.el6.x86_64.rpm           |  35 kB     00:00     
(25/42): perl-Net-SSLeay-1.35-9.el6.x86_64.rpm           | 173 kB     00:00     
(26/42): perl-NetAddr-IP-4.027-7.el6.x86_64.rpm          |  96 kB     00:00     
(27/42): perl-Package-Constants-0.02-119.el6_1.1.x86_64. |  24 kB     00:00     
(28/42): perl-Socket6-0.23-3.el6.x86_64.rpm              |  23 kB     00:00     
(29/42): perl-Test-Harness-3.17-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm   | 229 kB     00:00     
(30/42): perl-Test-Mock-LWP-0.05-1.el6.rf.noarch.rpm     |  18 kB     00:00     
(31/42): perl-Test-MockObject-1.09-3.1.el6.noarch.rpm    |  31 kB     00:00     
(32/42): perl-Test-Simple-0.92-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm    | 110 kB     00:00     
(33/42): perl-Time-HiRes-1.9721-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm   |  46 kB     00:00     
(34/42): perl-TimeDate-1.16-11.1.el6.noarch.rpm          |  34 kB     00:00     
(35/42): perl-UNIVERSAL-can-1.15-1.el6.noarch.rpm        |  12 kB     00:00     
(36/42): perl-UNIVERSAL-isa-1.03-1.el6.noarch.rpm        |  11 kB     00:00     
(37/42): perl-URI-1.40-2.el6.noarch.rpm                  | 117 kB     00:00     
(38/42): perl-devel-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm        | 420 kB     00:00     
(39/42): perl-libwww-perl-5.833-2.el6.noarch.rpm         | 387 kB     00:00     
(40/42): portreserve-0.0.4-4.el6_1.1.x86_64.rpm          |  22 kB     00:00     
(41/42): procmail-3.22-25.1.el6.x86_64.rpm               | 163 kB     00:00     
(42/42): spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm             | 1.1 MB     00:00     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                           7.0 MB/s | 4.7 MB     00:00     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.023-119.el6_1.1.x86_64             1/42 
  Installing : perl-IO-Compress-Base-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64              2/42 
  Installing : perl-IO-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64              3/42 
  Installing : perl-Compress-Zlib-2.020-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                 4/42 
  Installing : 1:perl-IO-Zlib-1.09-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                      5/42 
  Installing : 1:perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS-2.2003.0-119.el6_1.1.x86_64         6/42 
  Installing : 4:perl-devel-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                      7/42 
  Installing : perl-Test-Harness-3.17-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                   8/42 
  Installing : perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker-6.55-119.el6_1.1.x86_64             9/42 
  Installing : perl-Test-Simple-0.92-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                   10/42 
  Installing : perl-Encode-Detect-1.01-2.el6.x86_64                       11/42 
  Installing : perl-Net-SSLeay-1.35-9.el6.x86_64                          12/42 
  Installing : perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Bignum-0.04-8.1.el6.x86_64              13/42 
  Installing : perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Random-0.04-9.1.el6.x86_64              14/42 
  Installing : perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-RSA-0.25-10.1.el6.x86_64                15/42 
  Installing : portreserve-0.0.4-4.el6_1.1.x86_64                         16/42 
  Installing : procmail-3.22-25.1.el6.x86_64                              17/42 
  Installing : perl-NetAddr-IP-4.027-7.el6.x86_64                         18/42 
  Installing : perl-HTML-Tagset-3.20-4.el6.noarch                         19/42 
  Installing : perl-HTML-Parser-3.64-2.el6.x86_64                         20/42 
  Installing : perl-Socket6-0.23-3.el6.x86_64                             21/42 
  Installing : perl-IO-Socket-INET6-2.56-4.el6.noarch                     22/42 
  Installing : perl-URI-1.40-2.el6.noarch                                 23/42 
  Installing : perl-UNIVERSAL-isa-1.03-1.el6.noarch                       24/42 
  Installing : perl-Digest-SHA1-2.12-2.el6.x86_64                         25/42 
  Installing : perl-Digest-HMAC-1.01-22.el6.noarch                        26/42 
  Installing : perl-Net-DNS-0.65-4.el6.x86_64                             27/42 
  Installing : perl-UNIVERSAL-can-1.15-1.el6.noarch                       28/42 
  Installing : perl-Test-MockObject-1.09-3.1.el6.noarch                   29/42 
  Installing : perl-Test-Mock-LWP-0.05-1.el6.rf.noarch                    30/42 
  Installing : mailcap-2.1.31-2.el6.noarch                                31/42 
  Installing : perl-libwww-perl-5.833-2.el6.noarch                        32/42 
  Installing : perl-Net-LibIDN-0.12-3.el6.x86_64                          33/42 
  Installing : perl-IO-Socket-SSL-1.31-2.el6.noarch                       34/42 
  Installing : 1:perl-TimeDate-1.16-11.1.el6.noarch                       35/42 
  Installing : perl-MailTools-2.04-4.el6.noarch                           36/42 
  Installing : 4:perl-Time-HiRes-1.9721-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                37/42 
  Installing : 1:perl-Package-Constants-0.02-119.el6_1.1.x86_64           38/42 
  Installing : perl-Archive-Tar-1.58-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                   39/42 
  Installing : 1:perl-Digest-SHA-5.47-119.el6_1.1.x86_64                  40/42 
  Installing : perl-Mail-DKIM-0.37-2.el6.noarch                           41/42 
  Installing : spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.x86_64                            42/42 

Installed:
  spamassassin.x86_64 0:3.3.1-2.el6                                             

Dependency Installed:
  mailcap.noarch 0:2.1.31-2.el6                                                 
  perl-Archive-Tar.x86_64 0:1.58-119.el6_1.1                                    
  perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.023-119.el6_1.1                             
  perl-Compress-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.020-119.el6_1.1                                 
  perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Bignum.x86_64 0:0.04-8.1.el6                               
  perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-RSA.x86_64 0:0.25-10.1.el6                                 
  perl-Crypt-OpenSSL-Random.x86_64 0:0.04-9.1.el6                               
  perl-Digest-HMAC.noarch 0:1.01-22.el6                                         
  perl-Digest-SHA.x86_64 1:5.47-119.el6_1.1                                     
  perl-Digest-SHA1.x86_64 0:2.12-2.el6                                          
  perl-Encode-Detect.x86_64 0:1.01-2.el6                                        
  perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker.x86_64 0:6.55-119.el6_1.1                             
  perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS.x86_64 1:2.2003.0-119.el6_1.1                           
  perl-HTML-Parser.x86_64 0:3.64-2.el6                                          
  perl-HTML-Tagset.noarch 0:3.20-4.el6                                          
  perl-IO-Compress-Base.x86_64 0:2.020-119.el6_1.1                              
  perl-IO-Compress-Zlib.x86_64 0:2.020-119.el6_1.1                              
  perl-IO-Socket-INET6.noarch 0:2.56-4.el6                                      
  perl-IO-Socket-SSL.noarch 0:1.31-2.el6                                        
  perl-IO-Zlib.x86_64 1:1.09-119.el6_1.1                                        
  perl-Mail-DKIM.noarch 0:0.37-2.el6                                            
  perl-MailTools.noarch 0:2.04-4.el6                                            
  perl-Net-DNS.x86_64 0:0.65-4.el6                                              
  perl-Net-LibIDN.x86_64 0:0.12-3.el6                                           
  perl-Net-SSLeay.x86_64 0:1.35-9.el6                                           
  perl-NetAddr-IP.x86_64 0:4.027-7.el6                                          
  perl-Package-Constants.x86_64 1:0.02-119.el6_1.1                              
  perl-Socket6.x86_64 0:0.23-3.el6                                              
  perl-Test-Harness.x86_64 0:3.17-119.el6_1.1                                   
  perl-Test-Mock-LWP.noarch 0:0.05-1.el6.rf                                     
  perl-Test-MockObject.noarch 0:1.09-3.1.el6                                    
  perl-Test-Simple.x86_64 0:0.92-119.el6_1.1                                    
  perl-Time-HiRes.x86_64 4:1.9721-119.el6_1.1                                   
  perl-TimeDate.noarch 1:1.16-11.1.el6                                          
  perl-UNIVERSAL-can.noarch 0:1.15-1.el6                                        
  perl-UNIVERSAL-isa.noarch 0:1.03-1.el6                                        
  perl-URI.noarch 0:1.40-2.el6                                                  
  perl-devel.x86_64 4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1                                        
  perl-libwww-perl.noarch 0:5.833-2.el6                                         
  portreserve.x86_64 0:0.0.4-4.el6_1.1                                          
  procmail.x86_64 0:3.22-25.1.el6                                               

Complete!

Nach der Installation, kann mit folgendem Befehl überprüft werden, was alles im Paket spamassassin enthalten ist:

# rpm -qil spamassassin
Name        : spamassassin                 Relocations: (not relocatable)
Version     : 3.3.1                             Vendor: CentOS
Release     : 2.el6                         Build Date: Mon 23 Aug 2010 04:28:38 AM CEST
Install Date: Fri 27 Jan 2012 01:50:27 PM CET      Build Host: c6b2.bsys.dev.centos.org
Group       : Applications/Internet         Source RPM: spamassassin-3.3.1-2.el6.src.rpm
Size        : 3253352                          License: ASL 2.0
Signature   : RSA/8, Sun 03 Jul 2011 07:02:17 AM CEST, Key ID 0946fca2c105b9de
Packager    : CentOS BuildSystem <http://bugs.centos.org>
URL         : http://spamassassin.apache.org/
Summary     : Spam filter for email which can be invoked from mail delivery agents
Description :
SpamAssassin provides you with a way to reduce if not completely eliminate
Unsolicited Commercial Email (SPAM) from your incoming email.  It can
be invoked by a MDA such as sendmail or postfix, or can be called from
a procmail script, .forward file, etc.  It uses a genetic-algorithm
evolved scoring system to identify messages which look spammy, then
adds headers to the message so they can be filtered by the user's mail
reading software.  This distribution includes the spamd/spamc components
which create a server that considerably speeds processing of mail.

To enable spamassassin, if you are receiving mail locally, simply add
this line to your ~/.procmailrc:
INCLUDERC=/etc/mail/spamassassin/spamassassin-default.rc

To filter spam for all users, add that line to /etc/procmailrc
(creating if necessary).
/etc/cron.d/sa-update
/etc/logrotate.d/sa-update
/etc/mail/spamassassin
/etc/mail/spamassassin/channel.d
/etc/mail/spamassassin/channel.d/sought.conf
/etc/mail/spamassassin/channel.d/spamassassin-official.conf
/etc/mail/spamassassin/init.pre
/etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf
/etc/mail/spamassassin/sa-update-keys
/etc/mail/spamassassin/spamassassin-default.rc
/etc/mail/spamassassin/spamassassin-helper.sh
/etc/mail/spamassassin/spamassassin-spamc.rc
/etc/mail/spamassassin/v310.pre
/etc/mail/spamassassin/v312.pre
/etc/mail/spamassassin/v320.pre
/etc/mail/spamassassin/v330.pre
/etc/portreserve/spamd
/etc/rc.d/init.d/spamassassin
/etc/sysconfig/sa-update
/etc/sysconfig/spamassassin
/usr/bin/sa-awl
/usr/bin/sa-check_spamd
/usr/bin/sa-compile
/usr/bin/sa-learn
/usr/bin/sa-update
/usr/bin/spamassassin
/usr/bin/spamc
/usr/bin/spamd
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/CREDITS
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/Changes
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/LICENSE
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/NOTICE
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/README
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/README.RHEL.Fedora
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/TRADEMARK
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/UPGRADE
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/USAGE
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/sample-nonspam.txt
/usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/sample-spam.txt
/usr/share/man/man1/sa-compile.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man1/sa-learn.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man1/sa-update.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man1/spamassassin-run.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man1/spamassassin.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man1/spamc.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man1/spamd.1.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::AICache.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::ArchiveIterator.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::AsyncLoop.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::AutoWhitelist.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Bayes.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::BayesStore.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::BayesStore::BDB.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::BayesStore::MySQL.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::BayesStore::PgSQL.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::BayesStore::SQL.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Client.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf::LDAP.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf::Parser.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Conf::SQL.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::DnsResolver.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Logger.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Logger::File.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Logger::Stderr.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Logger::Syslog.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Message.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Message::Metadata.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Message::Node.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::PerMsgLearner.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::PerMsgStatus.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::PersistentAddrList.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::ASN.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::AWL.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::AccessDB.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::AntiVirus.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::AutoLearnThreshold.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Bayes.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::BodyRuleBaseExtractor.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Check.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::DCC.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::DKIM.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Hashcash.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::MIMEHeader.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::OneLineBodyRuleType.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::PhishTag.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Pyzor.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Razor2.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::RelayCountry.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::ReplaceTags.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Reuse.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Rule2XSBody.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::SPF.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Shortcircuit.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::SpamCop.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::Test.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::TextCat.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::URIDNSBL.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::URIDetail.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::VBounce.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Plugin::WhiteListSubject.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::PluginHandler.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::SQLBasedAddrList.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::SubProcBackChannel.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Timeout.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Util.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Util::DependencyInfo.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Util::Progress.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/Mail::SpamAssassin::Util::RegistrarBoundaries.3pm.gz
/usr/share/man/man3/spamassassin-run.3pm.gz
/usr/share/perl5/Mail
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/AICache.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/ArchiveIterator.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/AsyncLoop.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/AutoWhitelist.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Bayes
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Bayes.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Bayes/CombineChi.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Bayes/CombineNaiveBayes.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore/BDB.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore/DBM.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore/MySQL.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore/PgSQL.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore/SDBM.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/BayesStore/SQL.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Client.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Conf
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Conf.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Conf/LDAP.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Conf/Parser.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Conf/SQL.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Constants.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/DBBasedAddrList.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Dns.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/DnsResolver.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/HTML.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Locales.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Locker
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Locker.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Locker/Flock.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Locker/UnixNFSSafe.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Locker/Win32.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Logger
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Logger.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Logger/File.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Logger/Stderr.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Logger/Syslog.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/MailingList.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Message
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Message.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Message/Metadata
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Message/Metadata.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Message/Metadata/Received.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Message/Node.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/NetSet.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/PerMsgLearner.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/PerMsgStatus.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/PersistentAddrList.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/ASN.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/AWL.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/AccessDB.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/AntiVirus.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/AutoLearnThreshold.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Bayes.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/BodyEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/BodyRuleBaseExtractor.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Check.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/DCC.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/DKIM.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/DNSEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/FreeMail.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/HTMLEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/HTTPSMismatch.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Hashcash.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/HeaderEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/ImageInfo.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/MIMEEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/MIMEHeader.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/OneLineBodyRuleType.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/PhishTag.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Pyzor.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Razor2.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/RelayCountry.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/RelayEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/ReplaceTags.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Reuse.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Rule2XSBody.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/SPF.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Shortcircuit.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/SpamCop.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/Test.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/TextCat.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/URIDNSBL.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/URIDetail.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/URIEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/VBounce.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/WLBLEval.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Plugin/WhiteListSubject.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/PluginHandler.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Reporter.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/SQLBasedAddrList.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/SpamdForkScaling.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/SubProcBackChannel.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Timeout.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Util
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Util.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Util/DependencyInfo.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Util/Progress.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Util/RegistrarBoundaries.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Util/ScopedTimer.pm
/usr/share/perl5/Mail/SpamAssassin/Util/TieOneStringHash.pm
/usr/share/perl5/spamassassin-run.pod
/usr/share/spamassassin
/usr/share/spamassassin/10_default_prefs.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_advance_fee.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_aux_tlds.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_body_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_compensate.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_dnsbl_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_drugs.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_dynrdns.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_fake_helo_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_freemail.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_freemail_domains.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_head_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_html_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_imageinfo.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_meta_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_net_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_phrases.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_porn.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_ratware.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_uri_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/20_vbounce.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/23_bayes.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_accessdb.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_antivirus.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_asn.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_dcc.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_dkim.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_hashcash.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_pyzor.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_razor2.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_replace.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_spf.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_textcat.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/25_uribl.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/30_text_de.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/30_text_fr.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/30_text_it.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/30_text_nl.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/30_text_pl.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/30_text_pt_br.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/50_scores.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/60_adsp_override_dkim.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/60_awl.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/60_shortcircuit.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/60_whitelist.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/60_whitelist_dkim.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/60_whitelist_spf.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/60_whitelist_subject.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/72_active.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/72_scores.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/STATISTICS-set0-72_scores.cf.txt
/usr/share/spamassassin/STATISTICS-set1-72_scores.cf.txt
/usr/share/spamassassin/STATISTICS-set2-72_scores.cf.txt
/usr/share/spamassassin/STATISTICS-set3-72_scores.cf.txt
/usr/share/spamassassin/languages
/usr/share/spamassassin/local.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/regression_tests.cf
/usr/share/spamassassin/sa-update-pubkey.txt
/usr/share/spamassassin/sa-update.cron
/usr/share/spamassassin/user_prefs.template
/var/lib/spamassassin
/var/run/spamassassin

Postfix SpamAssassin konfigurieren

Eine besondere Konfiguration von Apache SpamAssassin ist grundsätzlich nicht notwendig. Es gibt jedoch eine Konfigurationsdatei im Verzeichnis /etc/sysconfig mit dem Namen spamassassin. Der Inhalt der Konfigurationsdatei sieht wie folgt aus und kann mit nachfolgendem Befehl angezeigt werden:

# cat /etc/sysconfig/spamassassin 
# Options to spamd
SPAMDOPTIONS="-d -c -m5 -H"
* Diese Konfigurationseinstellungen sind für den Betrieb als Daemon gedacht!

Zusätzlich gibt es das Verzeichnis /etc/mail/spamassassin/, in dem es eine spezielle Konfigurationsdatei mit dem Namen

  • local.cf

gibt.

Diese Konfigurationsdatei /etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf sieht standardmäßig, wie folgt aus:

# These values can be overridden by editing ~/.spamassassin/user_prefs.cf 
# (see spamassassin(1) for details)
 
# These should be safe assumptions and allow for simple visual sifting
# without risking lost emails.
 
required_hits 5
report_safe 0
rewrite_header Subject [SPAM]

und kann ggf. wie folgt um SAPM-Regeln wie folgt beschrieben erweitert werden:

# These values can be overridden by editing ~/.spamassassin/user_prefs.cf 
# (see spamassassin(1) for details)
 
# These should be safe assumptions and allow for simple visual sifting
# without risking lost emails.
 
required_hits 5
report_safe 0
rewrite_header Subject [SPAM]
 
# Tachtler
lock_method flock
 
# Headercheck-Filterliste fuer die Absicherung des Postfix-Mailservers
# Information aus der vorhandenen Postfixdatei /etc/postfix/header_checks
# Uebernommen, da es unter gewissen Umstaenden zu Backscatter-Problemen
# kommen koennte (Stand. 10-07-2009 AMaViS Version amavisd-new-2.5.4-1.el5.rf.src.rpm
# Version 0.02 / 2009-08-19
 
# /i = i Case-Insensitivity (die Nichtbeachtung von Gross- und Kleinschreibung) einschalten
# /m = m Multiline-Faehigkeit - Zeilenumbrueche ignorieren
 
# Header-Checks für "From" (Nummerierung 1000 ...)
 
header          HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1001       From =~ /^.*Porno.Seiten/im
score           HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1001       20
tflags          HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1001       noautolearn
 
header          HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1000       From =~ /^.*spam.de/im
score           HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1000       20
tflags          HEADER_FROM_CHECKS_NR1000       noautolearn
 
# Header-Checks für "Subject" (Nummerierung 2000 ...)
 
header          HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2001    Subject =~ /.*Partnervermittlung Irgendwas.*/im
score           HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2001    20
tflags          HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2001    noautolearn
 
header          HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2000    Subject =~ /.*Blaue Pillen.*/im
score           HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2000    20  
tflags          HEADER_SUBJECT_CHECKS_NR2000    noautolearn

Postfix SpamAssassin testen

Mit folgendem Befehl kann eine Test-Spam-e-Mail, welche im Verzeichnis /usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1 mit dem Namen sample-spam.txt zu finden ist und mit der Installation von Apache SpamAssassin mitgeliefert wird, zum Test herangezogen werden:

# spamassassin < /usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/sample-spam.txt
Jan 27 13:58:51.557 [1383] warn: config: created user preferences file: /root/.spamassassin/user_prefs
X-Spam-Checker-Version: SpamAssassin 3.3.1 (2010-03-16) on
        rechner70.dmz.tachtler.net
X-Spam-Flag: YES
X-Spam-Level: **************************************************
X-Spam-Status: Yes, score=1000.0 required=5.0 tests=GTUBE,NO_RECEIVED,
        NO_RELAYS autolearn=no version=3.3.1
X-Spam-Report: 
        * -0.0 NO_RELAYS Informational: message was not relayed via SMTP
        * 1000 GTUBE BODY: Generic Test for Unsolicited Bulk Email
        * -0.0 NO_RECEIVED Informational: message has no Received headers
Subject: [SPAM] Test spam mail (GTUBE)
Message-ID: <GTUBE1.1010101@example.net>
Date: Wed, 23 Jul 2003 23:30:00 +0200
From: Sender <sender@example.net>
To: Recipient <recipient@example.net>
Precedence: junk
MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit
X-Spam-Prev-Subject: Test spam mail (GTUBE)

This is the GTUBE, the
        Generic
        Test for
        Unsolicited
        Bulk
        Email

If your spam filter supports it, the GTUBE provides a test by which you
can verify that the filter is installed correctly and is detecting incoming
spam. You can send yourself a test mail containing the following string of
characters (in upper case and with no white spaces and line breaks):

XJS*C4JDBQADN1.NSBN3*2IDNEN*GTUBE-STANDARD-ANTI-UBE-TEST-EMAIL*C.34X

You should send this test mail from an account outside of your network.

Ebenso gibt es eine Test-e-Mail, welche im Verzeichnis /usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1 mit dem Namen sample-nonspam.txt zu finden ist und auch mit der Installation von Apache SpamAssassin mitgeliefert wird, welche zum „Gegentest“ herangezogen werden kann:

# spamassassin < /usr/share/doc/spamassassin-3.3.1/sample-nonspam.txt 
Return-Path: <tbtf-approval@world.std.com>
X-Spam-Checker-Version: SpamAssassin 3.3.1 (2010-03-16) on
        rechner70.dmz.tachtler.net
X-Spam-Level: 
X-Spam-Status: No, score=-0.0 required=5.0 tests=T_RP_MATCHES_RCVD
        autolearn=ham version=3.3.1
Delivered-To: foo@foo.com
Received: from europe.std.com (europe.std.com [199.172.62.20])
        by mail.netnoteinc.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 392E1114061
        for <foo@foo.com>; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 21:34:46 +0000 (Eire)
Received: (from daemon@localhost)
        by europe.std.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) id RAA09630
        for tbtf-outgoing; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 17:31:18 -0400 (EDT)
Received: from sgi04-e.std.com (sgi04-e.std.com [199.172.62.134])
        by europe.std.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) with ESMTP id RAA08749
        for <tbtf@facteur.std.com>; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 17:24:31 -0400 (EDT)
Received: from world.std.com (world-f.std.com [199.172.62.5])
        by sgi04-e.std.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) with ESMTP id RAA8278330
        for <tbtf@facteur.std.com>; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 17:24:31 -0400 (EDT)
Received: (from dawson@localhost)
        by world.std.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) id RAA26781
        for tbtf@world.std.com; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 17:24:31 -0400 (EDT)
Received: from sgi04-e.std.com (sgi04-e.std.com [199.172.62.134])
        by europe.std.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) with ESMTP id RAA07541
        for <tbtf@facteur.std.com>; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 17:12:06 -0400 (EDT)
Received: from world.std.com (world-f.std.com [199.172.62.5])
        by sgi04-e.std.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) with ESMTP id RAA8416421
        for <tbtf@facteur.std.com>; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 17:12:06 -0400 (EDT)
Received: from [208.192.102.193] (ppp0c199.std.com [208.192.102.199])
        by world.std.com (8.9.3/8.9.3) with ESMTP id RAA14226
        for <tbtf@world.std.com>; Fri, 20 Apr 2001 17:12:04 -0400 (EDT)
Mime-Version: 1.0
Message-Id: <v0421010eb70653b14e06@[208.192.102.193]>
Date: Fri, 20 Apr 2001 16:59:58 -0400
To: tbtf@world.std.com
From: Keith Dawson <dawson@world.std.com>
Subject: TBTF ping for 2001-04-20: Reviving
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"
Sender: tbtf-approval@world.std.com
Precedence: list
Reply-To: tbtf-approval@europe.std.com

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----

TBTF ping for 2001-04-20: Reviving

    T a s t y   B i t s   f r o m   t h e   T e c h n o l o g y   F r o n t

    Timely news of the bellwethers in computer and communications
    technology that will affect electronic commerce -- since 1994

    Your Host: Keith Dawson

    ISSN: 1524-9948

    This issue: < http://tbtf.com/archive/2001-04-20.html >

    To comment on this issue, please use this forum at Quick Topic:
    < http://www.quicktopic.com/tbtf/H/kQGJR2TXL6H >
    ________________________________________________________________________

Q u o t e   O f   T h e   M o m e n t

    Even organizations that promise "privacy for their customers" rarely
    if ever promise "continued privacy for their former customers..."
    Once you cancel your account with any business, their promises of
    keeping the information about their customers private no longer
    apply... you're not a customer any longer.

    This is in the large category of business behaviors that individuals
    would consider immoral and deceptive -- and businesses know are not
    illegal.

    -- "_ankh," writing on the XNStalk mailing list
    ________________________________________________________________________

..TBTF's long hiatus is drawing to a close

    Hail subscribers to the TBTF mailing list. Some 2,000 [1] of you
    have signed up since the last issue [2] was mailed on 2000-07-20.
    This brief note is the first of several I will send to this list to
    excise the dead addresses prior to resuming regular publication.

    While you time the contractions of the newsletter's rebirth, I in-
    vite you to read the TBTF Log [3] and sign up for its separate free
    subscription. Send "subscribe" (no quotes) with any subject to
    tbtf-log-request@tbtf.com . I mail out collected Log items on Sun-
    days.

    If you need to stay more immediately on top of breaking stories,
    pick up the TBTF Log's syndication file [4] or read an aggregator
    that does. Examples are Slashdot's Cheesy Portal [5], Userland [6],
    and Sitescooper [7]. If your news obsession runs even deeper and you
    own an SMS-capable cell phone or PDA, sign up on TBTF's WebWire-
    lessNow portal [8]. A free call will bring you the latest TBTF Log
    headline, Jargon Scout [9] find, or Siliconium [10].

    Two new columnists have bloomed on TBTF since last summer: Ted By-
    field's roving_reporter [11] and Gary Stock's UnBlinking [12]. Late-
    ly Byfield has been writing in unmatched depth about ICANN, but the
    roving_reporter nym's roots are in commentary at the intersection of
    technology and culture. Stock's UnBlinking latches onto topical sub-
    jects and pursues them to the ends of the Net. These writers' voices
    are compelling and utterly distinctive.

    [1]  http://tbtf.com/growth.html
    [2]  http://tbtf.com/archive/2000-07-20.html
    [3]  http://tbtf.com/blog/
    [4]  http://tbtf.com/tbtf.rdf
    [5]  http://www.slashdot.org/cheesyportal.shtml
    [6]  http://my.userland.com/
    [7]  http://www.sitescooper.org/
    [8]  http://tbtf.com/pull-wwn/
    [9]  http://tbtf.com/jargon-scout.html
    [10] http://tbtf.com/siliconia.html
    [11] http://tbtf.com/roving_reporter/
    [12] http://tbtf.com/unblinking/
    ________________________________________________________________________

S o u r c e s

> For a complete list of TBTF's email and Web sources, see
    http://tbtf.com/sources.html .
    ________________________________________________________________________

B e n e f a c t o r s

    TBTF is free. If you get value from this publication, please visit
    the TBTF Benefactors page < http://tbtf.com/the-benefactors.html >
    and consider contributing to its upkeep.
    ________________________________________________________________________

    TBTF home and archive at http://tbtf.com/ . To unsubscribe send
    the message "unsubscribe" to tbtf-request@tbtf.com. TBTF is Copy-
    right 1994-2000 by Keith Dawson, <dawson@world.std.com>. Commercial
    use prohibited. For non-commercial purposes please forward, post,
    and link as you see fit.
    _______________________________________________
    Keith Dawson               dawson@world.std.com
    Layer of ash separates morning and evening milk.

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
Version: PGPfreeware 6.5.2 for non-commercial use <http://www.pgp.com>

iQCVAwUBOuCi3WAMawgf2iXRAQHeAQQA3YSePSQ0XzdHZUVskFDkTfpE9XS4fHQs
WaT6a8qLZK9PdNcoz3zggM/Jnjdx6CJqNzxPEtxk9B2DoGll/C/60HWNPN+VujDu
Xav65S0P+Px4knaQcCIeCamQJ7uGcsw+CqMpNbxWYaTYmjAfkbKH1EuLC2VRwdmD
wQmwrDp70v8=
=8hLB
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----

Postfix SpamAssassin starten

Um das Starten von Apache SpamAssassin auch nach einem System-(re)-start auch in Zukunft dauerhaft zu realisieren, kann folgender Befehl genutzt werden. Hier wird Apache SpamAssassin zu den Start-Scripten der einzelnen Runlevel des Betriebssystem hinzugefügt:

# chkconfig spamassassin on

Ein Überprüfung, ob Apache SpamAssassin in den einzelnen Runlevel des Betriebssystems bei einem system-(re)-start mit gestartet wird, kann mit folgenden Befehlen abgefragt werden:

# chkconfig --list | grep spamassassin
spamassassin    0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

Abschließend kann der Start von Apache SpamAssassin durch folgenden Befehl erfolgen:

# service spamassassin start
Starting spamd:                                            [  OK  ]

Folgender Befehl kann zur Überprüfung verwendet werden, ob Apache SpamAssassin auf localhost bzw. 127.0.0.1 und Port 783 lauscht:

# netstat -tulpen | grep spam
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:783               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      0          111304     23125/spamd.pid
bzw.
# lsof -i :783
COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE NODE NAME
spamd   23125 root    5u  IPv4 111304       TCP localhost.localdomain:783 (LISTEN)
spamd   23129 root    5u  IPv4 111304       TCP localhost.localdomain:783 (LISTEN)
spamd   23130 root    5u  IPv4 111304       TCP localhost.localdomain:783 (LISTEN)

sa-update

Nachfolgendes Skript, sorgt dafür, dass Apache SpamAssassin up-to-date bleibt:

  • /etc/cron.d/sa-update

Falls nachfolgende Fehlermeldung in der Log-Datei

  • /var/log/sa-update.log

erscheinen sollte:

http: GET http://daryl.dostech.ca/sa-update/asf/1387055.tar.gz request failed: 404 Not Found: 
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN"> <html><head> <title>404 Not Found</title> </head><body> 
<h1>Not Found</h1> <p>The requested URL /sa-update/asf/1387055.tar.gz was not found on this server.</p> <hr> 
<address>Apache/2.2.6 (Fedora) Server at daryl.dostech.ca Port 80</address> </body></html>
kann nachfolgender Befehl dazu verwandt werden, ein manuelles Update auszulösen:
# /usr/bin/sa-update -D

Cookies helfen bei der Bereitstellung von Inhalten. Durch die Nutzung dieser Seiten erklären Sie sich damit einverstanden, dass Cookies auf Ihrem Rechner gespeichert werden. Weitere Information
tachtler/postfix_spamassassin_installieren.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2012/09/20 09:16 von klaus